Thursday, August 21, 2008

Am back

Hello guys am back, I am going to try to update here everyday, I am sorry guys because I haven't update this blog of mine lately so from now on I am going to do my blogging worlds again..

Tuesday, August 19, 2008

Social Classes

There were three distinct classes in ancient Filipino society: the upper class, the middle class, and the lowest class. The upper class called the maharlika by the Tagalogs, occupied the highest position in society. They consisted of the datus ( king or chiefs) and their families and relatives. They enjoyed great political power and high social privileges. Among the Tagalogs, the datus usually carried the title of Gat and Lakan, and their wives were called dayang or dayang-dayang-- a term still used in Sulu today,Below these were the middle class, free men called timauas by the Tagalogs, Cebuano's, Hilagaynons, and Ilokanos. Regarded as the middle class, they were burn free individuals or emancipated slaves, and so were their children. They own their own houses, land, and other pieces of property.They were warriors, artists, craftsmen, farmers, and hunters. They accompanied the datu when went to war and hunting expeditions.The slaves constituted the lowest social class in ancient Philippine society. They were called alipin by the Tagalogs and similar names by the other ethno-linguistic groups in the country. A person became a slave in various ways by birth or inheritance, by captivity in war, by failure tom pay his debt, by purchase, or by committing a crime. But a slave could become a Freeman by purchase, by marriage, by paying his master a certain amount, and by the voluntary action of his masters to free him.

Among the ancient Tagalogs, the slaves or dependents were either aliping mamamahay( slave in the home)or aliping saguiguilid (slave around the home. The aliping mamamahay could own property, could marry even without his masters consent, and could not be sold. He serve his master by planting and harvesting his crops, by rowing his boat, and by helping in the construction of his house. On the other hand, the aliping saguiguilid had no house of his own. He lived in the home of his master, could be sold, and could not marry without the permission of his master.

Friday, August 15, 2008

Introduction of Islam

Two prominent men responsible for the rise of Islam in Sulu and Mindanao were Karimal Mahdum and Rajah Baginda. Mahdum was an Arab missionary and scholar who arrived in the Malay Peninsula and founded Islam in the city of Malacca. Having made Malacca an Islamic state, Mahdum then sailed east and reached Sulu archipelago and there laid the foundations of Islam.

Ten years after Mahdum death, Rajah Baginda, a prince from Sumatra, led an army of Muslim invaders to Sulu. He settled at Bwansa, the old capital of Sulu, and from there he preached Islam religion to the natives.

About A.D. 1450, Sayid Abu Bkar, a Muslim leader from Palembang , Sumatra, landed in Sulu and married Princes Bramisuli, a daughter of Rajah Baginda. After Baginda's death, Abu Bkar founded the sultanate of Sulu with himself as sultan. Islam rapidly spread to all parts of Sulu during his reign.

The Muslim conquest of mainland Mindanao was led by Sharif Kabungsuan, from Johore, Malaysia. He landed in Cotabato in 1475 and converted its people to Islam. He then married Putri (Princes ) Tunina, a native princes, and proclaimed himself the first sultan of Mindanao. From there Islam spread rapidly to the Visayas and even to Luzon.

Wednesday, August 13, 2008

10 Ways to look and Feel Your Best

1. Get to know the one who create you.
2. Get some sleep. Short nights can result in unproductive days and weaken your immune system.
3. Cut back on the sugar and drink plenty of water!
4. Look beyond you and celebrate the accomplishments of others.
5. Carry yourself well. You were handmade by God.
6. Be yourself. No need to fake it.
7. Never build yourself up by putting others down. It doesn't work.
8. Get out of your chair and exercise.
9. Wear a smile.
10. Take care of your appearance.( Your the only one who can!).

Sunday, August 10, 2008

Cultural Influences of India, China, Arabia and Japan

The impact of Hindu culture profoundly influence Philippine Life.
The Sarong (skirt0and the putong(turban)worn by the early Filipinos and the embroidered shawls still worn by today's Muslim Filipino women are an Indian influence. It has been estimated that about 30% of the Tagalog words are derived from San-skrit, India's ancient language which greatly influence the modern European languages such as English and German. A few Sanskrit words in tagalog are Bathala( the supreme God) ,dala(fishnet), asawa(spouse) ,mama (man), diwa(thought), puri(honor), mata(eye), likha(creation), Lakambini(princess), Kuta(fortress), and wika(language). The use of brass ,bronze, copper, and tin in the decorative arts and metal work of the early Filipinos is another Indian influence. The boat-shape lute a musical instrument still played by Muslim Filipinos, is of Indian origin.

Early Filipinos folklore and literature also show strong Indian influences. The Maranaw epic Darangan is Indian in both plot and characters. Balituc, the tale of the Ifugao legendary hero, is similar to Arjuna's exploits in the Mahabharata, the great Hindu epic. The Agusan legend of a man named Agnio, resembles the story of Ahalya in the Ramayana, another great Hindu epic. An eclipse is called laho in Tagalog and Kapampangan. The Philippine folk belief is to the effect that an eclipse occurs when the sky dragon swallows and bites the moon and the sun. Old folks say that the eclipsed moon is red because the sky dragon laho has bitten it, making it bleed, and the people stampede it into releasing the moon by beating on cans and drums. The marks one sees on the face of the newly risen moon are said to have been made by the teeth of the dragon that bites it every time it can, and the Hindu god that causes eclipse by biting the moon or the sun is Rahu.

From the Chinese the early Filipinos learned to use porcelain ware, umbrellas, gongs, lead, the art of metal working, the manufacture of gun powder, and certain mining methods. The loose style in the early Filipino manner of dressing, the sleeve jackets and loose trousers of the Muslim Filipino women, and the use of slippers, indicate Chinese influence too.

Also of Chinese origin was the wearing of yellow clothing by the nobles and of blue garments by the commoners in pre-Spanish Philippine society. The wearing of white dresses and the use of a white background in mourning and burial ceremonies is another Chinese influence.